Rio Pampas-Apurimac guided raft/kayak expedition: 9-18 days, up to 450 km, class IV; Shared costs; JOIN US!

RÍO PAMPAS-APURIMAC: Beautiful Clean Huge: Last Descent(?)

OTHER TRIPS

up to 450 km (270 miles), class IV+, ~18 days, cost: TBD

dates to be arranged: rendezvous in Cusco or Ayacucho. APPLY

Río Pampas-Apurimac is one of the best raft-support trips in South America, but needs documentation, publicity, and appreciation! On this expedition, we will paddle 450 km (270 miles) through its mostly desert canyon with challenging class IV rapids, beautiful clean beaches, and interesting sites to explore. Help document the unique features of this river canyon to determine what will be lost with the 3 dams planned in the middle of the trip.

TRIP INFORMATION
CLIMATE/WEATHER
ITINERARY
RENDEZVOUS POINTS
COST & WHAT YOU GET
RESERVATIONS/PAYMENTS
YOUR GUIDES
FOOD, ALCOHOL, WATER
CHORES, TOILET, BATHING
IS IT SAFE?
WATER LEVELS
BOATS AVAILABLE
PLANNED DAMS
WHAT TO PACK
PARTICIPANT COMMENTS
picts: 2012 Apurimac
+some Pampas/Ayacucho

GENERAL TRIP INFORMATION:

This trip consists of 280 km on Río Pampas and 170 km on the Lower Río Apurimac. We want to see if this journey is as nice as Río Marañon. Río Pampas is a beautiful clean river flowing through a desert-like canyon with big beaches and a lot to explore. The first 143 km of the trip may be first descent. The next 139 km have challenging class IV+ whitewater, an impressive gorge and possibly two portages. The Apurimac section has huge water class III-IV rapids as the river transitions to the jungle. This expedition is being run to document the river canyon features and provide reasons to oppose several planned dams. [See several of the planned dam sites in the figures/article visible on the SAVE RIO MARANON! campaign webpage and this PLOS1 article]. With our documentation of the river, there will be more reason to oppose the dams.

This trip is open to everyone: rafters, kayakers, IKers, and passengers. If you plan to paddle your own boat, you must be comfortable and familiar with class IV big water. Several folks with less experience can also join the trip. Our journey will start in Cangallo (3 hr drive south of Ayacucho) at 2600 m (8300 ft) elevation, a location you can view on Google Maps. You can join the entire 18-day expedition to the jungle village of San Francisco/Kimbiri or come for just shorter sections of the river. Departing the trip early is possible at kms 145 or km 248 (appx. days 5 and 9). It is also possible to join the trip at one of these points. At the start or end of the trip, you have the option to visit Cusco and Machu Picchu, located 8-14 hr away from the river by bus. Rocky will be in Cusco before the trip begins. Current dates are tentative and may be changed, but May-Jul is the best time of year to paddle this river, with medium water levels that are steadily dropping and lots of sunshine! Come enjoy one of the nicest rivers in South America while supporting a worthy conservation cause.

PRIOR DESCENTS:

1979: A rafting group attempted descent of the lower Pampas in 1979 starting at Puente Pampas, but they aborted in only a few kilometers downstream when their rafts wrapped on rocks in class IV rapids. They reported just downstream a major cataract/falls (La Catarata de Ocros). The group consisted of Rod Nash (leader), Cal Giddings, Ron Hayes, Dean Paschall, Rick Smith, Scott Hartman, and several others.

1996: A kayak self-support descent of the lower Pampas was completed in summer 1996 from Puente Pampas down to the Apurimac by Tom Hughes (USA), Benjamin Muniz (of Instinct Rafting, Cusco), Adam Jarco (USA), Hugh Pritchard (UK) and James Shrimpton (UK). Tom Hughes comments: "The entire trip took us 8 days to Villa Virgen from where we continued to San Fransisco (and onto Ayacucho by truck). As far as I know we were NOT the first to descend the river, it having seen at least one attempt before us (apparently the two man raft team walked out after running short of supplies although I don't know from what point)." The 1996 trip was written up and published in Playboating UK magazine.

SPECIFICS OF THE RIVER:
The Pampas passes through a desert-like canyon that is often deeper than the Grand Canyon. Most of the river is enjoyable class II-III with some IV, and an impressive 50 km gorge at the end ("Barranca Pampas"). The Lower Apurimac follows, with big water class III-IV rapids. This trip can be divided into 4 sections:

Main Pampas1 [km 0-143: 4.5 m/km (25 fpm): III]
The initial 143 km section starts in Cangallo and has a low gradient - frequent flat sections but studded with class II-III rapids and one good canyon apparently with numerous class III. This is ideal as a warm-up section the first several days. There are large beaches and gravel bars nearly the entire way with steep canyon walls rising directly up from the riverbed. There are likely interesting side hikes, ruins, and hot springs to discover, enjoy, and document. The Incan ruins of Vilcashuamán are an 8 km hike from the river (day 2; we might visit before the trip though). The section ends at the highway bridge crossing (road between Ayacucho-Andahuaylas). Flow is estimated to be ~90 cms (3000 cfs) to start but with a major trib entering midway down, the flow should nearly double to ~180 cms (6000 cfs).

Main Pampas2 [km 143-230: 6.7 m/km (37 fpm); III-IV]
Satellite imagery and topo maps indicate some class IV (possibly V) in a short 21 m/km (110 fpm) section just downstream of the Puente Pampas access point. The toughest drop is here is the Catarata de Ocros. In 1979, the Nash rafting group reported the Catarata as a ~10 m vertical or near-vertical drop that was difficult to portage. In 1996, the Hughes kayak group did not report anything more than class IV in this section. The debate continues as to what actually the Catarata de Ocros looks like now. If we find a major class V+ falls, we will portage the rafts ~5 km around the section with a truck on a dirt road. If it is only class IV, we will run the rafts through. After the Ocros section, the river continues with good class III-IV rapids for >50 km but still displays wide riverbed with expansive beaches and gravel bars abutting steep canyon walls. A tough rapid somewhere in this section was named Obi-Wan, with wrap rocks at lower summer flows. [Tom Hughes said that Ben Muñez tried using "Jedi mind power" to move a wrap rock in the rapid!!!]. With an estimated May flow of 180 cms (6000 cfs), it will likely be quite a fun section.

Barranca Pampas [km230-282: 8.1 m/km (45 fpm): IV+ (oneP)]
The final 50 km section of Río Pampas passes through an impressive gorge [the "Barranca Pampas"] before joining the Apurimac at the end of the Apurimac's "Abyss". While the Apurimac's Abyss is a serious class V run with high gradient [often 20-30 m/km (110-160 ft/mile)] and almost double the flow of the Pampas, Barranca Pampas has lower gradient [8 m/km (45 ft/mile)], meaning it will be much more manageable. A steep access road and footbridge is found ~10 km into the section (with the "90-curvas trail" up RL). The section ends at the confluence with Río Apurimac, which generally has 2X-3X the flow of the Pampas. Satellite imagery and gradient suggest the Barranca Pampas is a class IV section. Tom Hughes confirms. He wrote that it was "mostly class III, occasional IV and one simple portage about 6 kms above the Apurimac Confluence". They called the portage "Darth Vader", described as a place where "the river drops left into a sheer walled canyon for about 400 yards.... couldn't get down there to inspect so we portaged up a scree slope on the right to the canyon rim and [reentered the river] above a chunky class 4 we called Chewbacca." Darth Vader is actually 14 km upstream of the Apurimac confluence. The portage might be difficult, especially for rafts. We anticipate a full day to get through. Also, note that the 1998 group did the trip at lower water levels in summer. Much of the river should be more challenging at higher levels in May, but some rapids - such as Chewbacca - may fill in and have less wrap/pin potential.

Lower Apurimac [km282-450: 1.7 m/km (9 fpm): IV (oneP)]
The Lower Apurimac has been paddled several times, including by trip leader Rocky Contos in 2012. [photos in the slideshow above are from the Lower Apurimac, from scouts of the Pampas, and similar elevation upper sections on the Apurimac]. In the initial ~100 km of the Lower Apurimac, there are numerous class III and IV big-water rapids. Estimated flow in late May on the Lower Apurimac is 600 cms (21000 cfs) - a medium level. There is one easy portage of Powac, a class VI rapid located ~40 km downstream of the confluence (see picture above with the drying fish). After Powac, there are several tough IVs, and the dry desert-type cacti-studded terrain soon turns to lush jungle. The first village of Lechemayo-VillaVirgen is encountered 87 km after the Pampas confluence (369 km into the trip). We'll continue another 81 km through flat wide jungle river with occasional class II-III to the bridged towns of San Francisco-Kimbiri, with regular transportation service to Ayacucho (5hr) or Cusco (15hr). Depending on our progress, we may have some layover days. With two layover days and a full day portage of Vader, we would need to average 30 km/day when we are progressing downstream.


Mystery of the Pampas: What actually is at the Catarata de Ocros now? Is it a 30' falls as reported by the 1979 crew or is it just a class IV rapid as reported by the 1996 crew? Also, what is in the Darth Vader Gorge? Is it runnable? Can we raft or ghost boat the rafts through? On this trip, we'll solve the mysteries.

km location elevation avg. flow May gradient (to next) difficulty description of section (to next)
0 Cangallo 2580 m 90 cms (3000 cfs) 4.5 m/km (25 fpm) III often flat; lots of II-III; some IV
144 Hwy Bridge 1930 m 180 cms (6000 cfs) 6.7 m/km (37 fpm) IV starts IV(V?); lots of III-IV
243 90 Curvas access 1260 m 200 cms (7000 cfs) 8.1 m/km (45 fpm) IV+ main gorge; lots of IV; one P (Vader)
282 Apurimac confl. 960 m 600 cms (21000 cfs) 3.0 m/km (16 fpm) III-IV big water III and IV; one P (Powac)
369 Lechemayo 700 m 700 cms (24000 cfs) 1.5 m/km (8 fpm) II-III class II-III big water; good surfing
450 SF/Kimbiri 580 m 1000 cms (35000 cfs) - - class II to Río Mantaro

TENTATIVE ITINERARY :
May16-18: possible visits to Cusco and Machu Picchu
May 18: rendezvous in Cusco; meet Rocky; bus to Ayacuchoo
May 19: rendezvous in Ayacucho
May 20: drive to Cangallo; rig and launch
May 21: possible layover; long hike to visit Vilcashuamán (?)
May 25: pass highway bridge (km144); many class III to here; possibly resupply some food
May 29: access point by "90 curvas" (km 243); class IV; possibly arrange a resupply of food
May 31: arrive confluence with Apurimac (km 283); serious class IV gorge
Jun 4: arrive Lechemayo/VillaVirgen (km 369); possible to resupply/depart; class III-IV to here
Jun 6: arrive San Francisco/Kimbiri; arrange shuttles to Ayacucho and/or Cuscoo
Jun 7-9: possible visits to Machu Picchu and Cusco

Visas/Permits:
Peru is a travel-friendly country that readily offers tourist permits for up to 90 days. Flights would be into Lima. You should be vaccinated against Yellow Fever, Typhoid, and Hepatitis A. You will be traveling into a malaria area as well so consider anti-malaria medication. Cusco is at high elevation [3400 m (11000 ft)] so if going there you may wish to have a prescription of acetazolamide.

Personality/Experience:
You must be a jovial person who doesn't complain much and is likely to get along with others on a small Grand Canyon-style trip for over two weeks. You should have an interest in river conservation and help us on our mission to document the river further and talk to residents. A few raft passengers are welcome - previous river trip experience is not required. If you want to kayak, you must have adequate class IV big water experience and a solid roll. If you want to row a raft, you must have adequate class IV big water experience on something like the Grand Canyon or Salmon (at higher water). You should be in good physical condition. You should plan to help facilitate the trip in any way possible, including transport of some gear down to Peru and to the river if necessary. You don't need to be bilingual but it is helpful.

Leadership/Decisions:
The policy we will take on the trip is that the trip leader (Rocky) will have main authority when it comes to decisions for the group regarding river progress, camp, etc. [Most criticisms of Rocky are he is too democratic or laissez-faire; but he can be convinced of reasonable rules/guidelines/courses of action.]. Trip leader decisions can be vetoed by a majority vote of the group. Any participant always has the right to leave the trip if they so desire. You must also agree to leave the trip or be relegated to passenger status on a raft if the group feels you are a liability for the trip.

Maps:
Rocky already has all topo maps of the entire river. When you sign on to the trip, you will gain access to them so you can view and print out a copy for yourself. If you have the password, click here to access printable maps.

CLIMATE:
The trip occurs at tropical latitudes in the dry season but starting at fairly high elevation. Average annual precipitation is about 300-400 mm (13-16 in) along most of the Pampas, and 2500 mm (80 in) by the take-out at San Francisco-Kimbiri. May-Oct is the dry season. The elevation at the put-in is 2600 m (8300 ft), so expect warmish days/cold evenings to start (25oC/77oF highs and 10oC/50oF lows). After the first few days, temperatures should be much warmer, with daytime highs 30-35oC/86-95oF and lows of 10-21oC/50-70oF). A meterological station by Puente Pampas confirms average temperatures of 32oC/12oC (90oF/54oF) in May-June in the past. There is little chance of rain in the dry canyon portions of the trip (1st 14 days). Expect rain once down in the jungle area. Ferocious winds are often encountered in the jungle transition zone (just past the Apurimac-Pampas confluence).

Some camps will likely have annoying biting gnats and flies. Repellent works against these. Mosquitos are not common in the dry canyon areas - moreso in the jungle. Other critters to beware of are spiders, scorpions, snakes, and centipedes.


RENDEZVOUS POINTS/TRANSPORTATION

AYACUCHO: The main rendezvous point will be Ayacucho. Ayacucho is a charming colonial city and a pleasure to stroll around on pedestrian cobblestone streets. Logistics will be coordinated before the trip. You will need to arrive to Ayacucho at least one day prior to departure for the river. You can get to Ayacucho from Lima easily on a 10 hr bus ride (~$30USD). It is also possible to fly to Ayacucho from Lima (check domestic arilines like STAR, LAN, or PeruvianAir; a quick search revealed May16 5:30 am LIM-AYA flight is $68USD on STAR). Once we all meet in Ayacucho, we will take privately-contracted transportation to the put-in at Cangallo (3 hr drive south of Ayacucho). We may spend Day1 visiting the ruins at Vilcashuamán before arriving in Cangallo and rigging the rafts.

CUSCO: Rocky is planning to be in Cusco several days before the launch, organizing and sending gear to Ayacucho and arranging other aspects of the trip. If you wish, you can arrive to Cusco beforehand,and either visit ruins or help in organizing food/gear, and then accompany Rocky to Ayacucho on bus (20 hr) 2 days prior to the launch day. You can try to book directly with your US carrier to Cusco, but also can co-book a domestic ariline like STAR, LAN, or PeruvianAir (about $100-200 one-way). [Rocky will also be kayaking several class V rivers in the 3 weeks prior to the trip, including Colca, Cotahuasi, and Tambo - kayak partners are sought; ask him]. Gear will be sent to Lima at the end of the trip for storage/preparation for a Marañon trip.

ACCESS POINTS: The tentative dates at each access point are listed. We can help arrange transport to/from these if you need to enter or depart the trip from one.


COST: SHARED
Costs for shuttle, food, and group equipment will be split among the group. It is hard to know exactly how much it will all come too, but consider that a similarly-outfitted 18-day Grand Canyon-style trip in the USA generally costs ~$1000/person (e.g. see Pro, REO, Moenkopi)]. Roughly, expect about the same. That breaks down to about half going toward food/shuttle ($400-500/person), and another half going toward rafts/group camping gear ($400-600/person). The exact cost per person will depend on how many people join the trip, if you bring your own boat, how much you help with pre-trip organzation, etc. We anticipate having at least two support rafts: a 16' NRS cataraft and a 16' self bailer with frame, with possibly additional support from two more 12-14' catarafts. SierraRios has some kayaks available for the trip if you don't want to bring your own.

All folks coming on this trip will help get equipment down to Peru. You will need to assess the amount of baggage you intend to carry down and let the trip leader know.


APPLY/RESERVE
If you are interested in this trip, send Rocky a note regarding yourself, your paddling experience, and what boat you would want to use or bring. Our group will be selected among applicants by the end of February as the individuals who can provide as safe an outing as possible and also advance SierraRios' goals the most. We can handle a few folks with little experience on the rafts (even passengers). If planning to use a SierraRios boat, you will need to provide $400 as a deposit to reserve its use in lieu of others. Deposits may be made preferably by transferring money via PayPal (as a "gift" to rocky@sierrarios.org), by sending a check (make out to James Contos, 5071 Constitution Rd., San Diego, CA 92117), or by a direct bank transfer through Intuit (let Rocky know). You may also use a credit card with the "DONATE" button below.

As of Jan 1, 2014, our group total stands at 1 (with the boats projected to be available, we should be able to handle 16 total). If we are full, you should still send a note of your interest. Be sure to send Rocky a message with a little info about you.

CANCELLATIONS

SierraRios reserves the right to cancel the trip at any time. If we cancel the trip, all deposits and payments will be refunded.

If you must cancel the trip, only expect your money back if your slot is filled by someone similarly experienced and with as much to offer to the trip.

TRIP LEADER AND TEAM MEMBERS:
(1) Rocky Contos, the trip leader, descended the entire Apurimac from its headwaters to the Ene between June and October 2012, as well as Ríos Marañon, Mantaro, and Urubamba as part of his Headwaters of the Amazon expedition. He also has explored nearly every river in Mexico including >100 first descents covering ~8,000 km of river and ~55,000 m of drop. Although Rocky believes the Marañon is the finest Grand Canyon-style raftable river in the Americas, he wants to see how the Pampas-Apurimac compares [the Apurimac is about as clean and beautiful as the Marañon but has too many portages and class Vs in the Queswachaca and Abyss sections - the Pampas as a tributary may avoid these issues on the Apurimac]. Rocky is fluent in Spanish and has organized many Grand Canyon length trips. Several articles have featured Rocky (American Whitewater; Kayak Session; Canoe & Kayak). While attaining his Ph.D. in neuroscience (see CV), Rocky worked as a kayak instructor and guide for UCSD's Outback adventures from 1993-1996 and gained valuable trip planning skills for large groups. Although primarily a kayaker, Rocky started rafting in the mid-1990s in order to introduce more people to the wonders of river travel. Since then and throughout his years as a postdoctoral research associate, he organized numerous large group raft and kayak expeditions, including five through Grand Canyon (18-22 days), three on the Salmon River (4-10 days each), two on Río Mulatos-Aros (8-11 days), four on Río Usumacinta (7-8 days each), and dozens to destinations such as the Salt, Kern, Rogue, Deschutes, John Day, Thompson, Similkameen, and Baja California (2-6 days each). Rocky had dreamed of rafting the Marañon for over 10 years and has all the maps and information. Rocky founded SierraRios with the goal of conserving the rivers of Latin America, and hopes that increased awareness and enjoyment of the resource will lead to protection. He is organizing all aspects of the trip. He likely will be safety kayaking since plenty of competent oarsmen are availble.

(2) Already committed to the trip are Greg Schwendinger (expert kayaker; author www.mayanwhitewater.com) , Lacey Anderson (guide/catarafter), Neil Nikirk (experienced catarafter), and Rorie Gotham (experienced rafter; SY Film Festival help). Kurt Casey is likely to join the trip as well. Heather and Nate Herbeck may make a documentary film. There have been 10 other inquiries/applications so far.

(3) The trip will likely will include 1-2 of Rocky's Peruvian guide friends - Juan de Ugarte, Pedro Peña, Julio Baca, or others from Apurimac Explorer (Alonso, Romel or Victor).

(4) Our expedition members will be experienced river runners, but a few non-experienced people are welcome to join as well, especially for documentation/conservation purposes.


FOOD
Food will be planned and purchased in Cusco/Ayacucho and possibly at our main resupply points. You will have a say in what we purchase and eat. Generally, we will bring cereals/fruits/etc for breakfast [cherimoyas are available! yeah!!]. We generally plan sandwiches or other items for lunch. Dinners will consist of pastas, curries, stews, grilled meats, and potatoes, rice, and veggies - or whatever else we find appealing and available in Peru. [sorry, we won't be eating guinea pig!] To have an idea of what types of food we generally bring, see below:

Breakfast: usually there is a range of foods to choose from: coffee, tea, fruit, cereals, milk, and perhaps something special such as eggs/omelettes, pancakes, or french toast.

Lunch: Items typically available are trail mix, dried fruits, energy bars, chips, cookies, and sandwiches. Sandwiches can vary: ham/turkey, cheese, avocados, tomatoes, lettuce, mustard, mayo; later maybe tunafish; always PB&J.

Dinner: We will eat what is available in Peru. Pastas, vegetables, stews, curries and sometimes some meat are typical dinners. Meat will always be prepared separate.

Desserts: There will always be some form of sweet to eat – cookies, chocolates, flan, etc.

ALCOHOL
You'll pay for your own. But we don't want alcoholics on the trip! We can carry a lot on the rafts, especially in the first section of the river. We may want to minimize weight going through Barranca Pampas, due to the possibility of a tough portage at Vader.

WATER
We will bring filters and treatment products and provide safe drinking water on the entire expedition. The river often runs with a lot of silt and takes more effort to convert to clear drinking water than many of the clear side arroyos. The arroyos with little or no habitation contain pristine water that is usually much safer to drink and doesn't clog filters. A common method used is to treat with hypochlorite, but we may also use iodine, filters, or boiling before drinking. Water will be transported in 5-gallon containers. You should have your own water bottle (or two).

CHORES
SierraRios trips are designed to be participatory in nature, and therefore participants are expected to help with camp duties including loading/unloading rafts, camp set-up, food preparation, washing dishes, fire duties, and burning trash. We generally have a rotating schedule. Duties can be swapped with others, as long as someone is there and you end up contributing equally in the end. Everyone is expected to help load/unload the rafts each day and rig/de-rig at the start/end of the trip. A few individuals may be designated to help with specific camp set-up chores. Two individuals will be assigned to help with food preparation and two others to wash dishes each morning and evening. After washing and rinsing, dishes are sterilized in a dilute bleach solution. If you are assigned to help with the food, please make sure you wash your hands and keep them clean. We will make sure the camp is left just as we found it or better. SierraRios trips practice leave-no-trace as much as possible. We do not leave ashes or trash at any camp and try to clean up trash we find. Those who pay their deposits early have the advantage of signing up for the chores they prefer. If you have no preference for chores, let Rocky know a few things about you so he can assign appropriate ones:

-Do you really enjoy preparing food or specific things like pancakes?
-Are you more of a night-owl or a morning person?
-Do you have pyromaniac tendencies?
-Are you willing to set-up/deal with a groover station?
-Do you prefer to wash dishes?

Duty list:
Kitchen set-up:

Kitchen pack-up:

Groover set-up/take-down:

Dishes: 2 individuals each time:
Food prep: 2 individuals each time:

Fire and Trash/TP burn:


TOILET AND BATHING
For bathing, the river and side streams (or hot springs) will be warm enough to use on the trip. You also can bath directly in the river using biodegradable soap. We may also have a solar shower, which may be preferable as the soap goes into the dirt and decomposes there instead of in the river. Please wash and bath with a minimal amount of soap/shampoo and try not to leave foamy residues for others in the camp to find.

Toilet: Urinating should be done directly into the river or away from camp and out of sight of others. We will not be bringing a toilet system on this trip. We may use a designated latrine. The latrine will be excavated away from the camp. A paddle across the path indicates the spot is occupied; an upright paddle indicates it is not. TP and a TP bag will be by the latrine. TP should be placed in the bag for later burning. A wash station will be nearby - always wash your hands afterward. The latrine will be covered with dirt in the morning before we take off on the river.

Alternatively, you may also find your own place to away from camp to somewhere above the high-water line, dig a hole 4-6” deep, and cover your feces. A kayak paddle can come in handy in this regard. Carry your TP back and put in the TP trash bag or burn it at the spot and bury the ashes with the feces.

SAFETY
There have been no reports of Sendero Luminoso along the Pampas. However, they are known to be along the Lower Apurimac. Their latest policy is not to molest or disturb tourists. As long as we can convince them we are tourists, we should have no problem. On the 2012 trip, we saw a few folks who may have been Senderistas, but they were friendly.

The other aspect of safety is prevention of accidents. It is of utmost importance that you take all precautions necessary to avert injury, sickness, and complications while on the trip. You should be vaccinated against Yellow Fever, Typhoid, and Hepatitis A. You might consider taking anti-malaria medication if you do not plan to use insect repellent or protect yourself adequately from mosquitos. We cannot guarantee against accidents. You must accept the responsibility for what happens on the river if you are in control of your craft. If you are concerned about the whitewater or other aspects, it is your responsibility to make appropriate decisions whether to run the rapid or not and to stay close to someone who can watch and oversee you (if you desire that level of protection). If an accident occurs, we will do all in our power to help you, see that proper care is rendered, or evacuate you if need be. Rocky is a trained Wilderness First Responder. We may or may not have a satellite phone. If you can contribute one, let Rocky know - he will offer reimbursement from the group fund for its use.

WHAT TO PACK:

You will need to pack appropriately for spending several weeks out in the wilderness. Although it will generally be quite warm on the trip, it can get cool at nights and during thunderstorms. Come prepared for both. During travel up to the altiplano you may also experience cold temperatures, so have some warm clothes as well. Your camp gear will be transported down the river in one large drybag. You should bring an additional small drybag for day-accessed items; this will go in your kayak or (if a rafter) on the raft. We can provide these, but it is probably better to get your own and see how all your gear packs into it beforehand. The best size for your one large drybag is about 3800-4600 cu.in (such as Bill's 2.2 DryBag or the NRS Duffel). Do not pack excessively. These sizes are large enough to fit a 2-person tent, Therm-a-rest chair, light sleeping bag, 2 changes clothes, dry shoes, toiletries, headlamp, reading material, with a little extra space. There are larger drybags out there (e.g., 3.8 cu.ft/6000+cu.in/100+L) but if you bring one this size, you should expect it not to be full – rather, it should be very easy to close and your additional small drybag should fit inside. It is in your best interest not to overpack your drybag because it often causes lack of proper sealing and consequent leaking if dunked.

River items to bring:
-Shorts, shirt
-Paddle jacket (we may be able to provide one if you don’t have)
-Water shoes (preferably multipurpose for wear on the river and hiking)
-PFD (if you don't have one, we will provide)
-Kayak gear (only if kayaking: helmet, skirt)
-Hat and sunglasses (with retainer)
-Small drybag for your kayak or on raft (for passengers)
-Large drybag for camp gear (if it is a very large bag (>3 ft3), your small drybag must fit within)
-Water bottle (preferably with a carabiner to clip onto a raft)
-Sunscreen

Camp items to bring:
-Tent (a 2-person tent can be used by an individual)
-Sleeping bag (consider using your fleece or other item as a pillow)
-Therm-a-rest (chair and bed)
-Basic clothing (t-shirt, shorts, light pants, light long-sleeve shirt, fleece, underwear)
-Camp shoes (these can be the same as your river shoes or a different dry shoe)
-Headlamp (plus extra set of batteries)
-Toiletries (toothbrush, toothpaste, floss, lotions, etc)
-Special medicines/lotions (anti-fungal cream, bug repellent)
-Lighter/matches (remember to check it if flying)
-Pocket-knife (remember to check it if flying)
-Mug (for your hot beverages; we'll have plastic cups for water/wine/etc)
-Reading material
-Bug repellent (very important for comfortable hanging-out in camp)


PLANNED AVAILABILITY OF KAYAKS, IKs, and RAFTS FOR THIS TRIP

16' NRS cataraft
16' Rocky Mountain Raft self-bailer
additional rafts may be available
Kayak: Prijon Rockit

Kayak: Liquid Logic Stomper
Kayak: Liquid Logic Jefe
Kayak: Wavesport Diesel 70
Inflatable kayak: NRS Bandit II (good for 1 person)
Inflatable kayak: Tributary Tomcat (tandem - good for 1 person)

If you reserve a boat, you can paddle it most of the time, but expect to switch off in the easier sections of river when others might want to try paddling/rowing. If you've ever done a Grand-type trip, you should know that it is often comfortable for kayakers to hang out on a raft some of the time on flatter sections - or row some. Appropriate experienced oarsman will be welcomed. The above listed boats are part of SierraRios equipment and will remain in Peru after this trip. They will be used for other trips in the future and may be available to rent to members.

.A FEW COMMENTS FROM PAST PARTICIPANTS:

"I need to do another expedition!!!!! I'm already jonsing for one .... The Marañon trip was one of kind that I will never forget ... the perfect combination of big water, gorgeous scenery and a taste of rurual Peruvian lifestyle! ...  I would do this trip again in a heart beat ... It really is amazing how helpful some people have been along the way. Going way out of their way in order to help..."
Amie Begg; class IV kayaker on 2012 Marañon trip


"The Marañon trip was a magical journey. Big, clean water; big canyons and expansive natural beauty; and big-hearted, friendly people who made us feel welcome along the way, while sharing with us their fears of imminent dams, mines, and petroleum drilling. I hope we can find a way to help them protect this incredible treasure and their ways of life."

Barbara Conboy; SierraRios board member and rafter/kayaker on 2012 Marañon trip


"
THE TRIP KICKED MAJOR ASS! mike" [2011 Mulatos-Aros trip; 2012 Marañon trip]
M
ike Doktor (Portland, OR), former raft guide for Ken Warren Expeditions


"
Hi Rocky, Thanks again for a sensational and unforgettable trip. You did such an amazing job organizing. I especially am psyched to have met you and to have another kayak friend/guide to work with. You guiding me off the waterfall was a big highlight... Erik." [2011b Usumacinta trip]
Erik Weihenmayer, blind mountaineer/author and budding kayaker (see www.TouchTheTop.com )


"You led one of the best trips I've ever been on... and I've been on a lot. " [2011b Usumacinta trip]
Chris Wiegand, former olympic runner and C1 paddler, founder of Sportainability and guide for Erik Weihenmayer


"Thanks for everything man, it was a trip of a lifetime ... We´ll be in touch and I look forward to conquering new rivers in the future. Salud, Eric" [2011b Usumacinta trip]
Eric Bach, Modern Gypsy (see www.TheModernGypsies.com)


"Hey Rocky, Thanks for the great trip... Looking forward to another trip down the road. John"
[2011b Usumacinta trip]
John Post, Modern Gypsy (see www.TheModernGypsies.com)


"Great synopsis of a fabulous trip. Expect to hear more from Team Weihenmayer in the future... Cheers, Rob. " [2011b Usumacinta trip]
Rob Raker, climber extraordinaire and guide for Erik Weihenmayer (also see here)


"Thanks again for the great tour and the late-night excitement, Greg" [2011a Usumacinta trip]
Greg Scwhendinger, kayak explorer of Chiapas and Central America (see www.MayanWhitewater.com)
"


"The trip on the Usumacinta was great, I am very happy that I paddled the river and did not sit on the raft." [2013a Usumacinta trip]
Stanislav Chladek, former C1 world champion and author of Exploring Mayan Ritual Caves


"Thanks for everything, Rocky! What a blast that all was.  When's our next trip?!! -Suzy" [2011b Usumacinta trip]
Suzy Garren (Oakland, CA), former Grand Canyon trip participant.